Beautiful but Not Immune: The Plagues of the Rose Bush
Having a garden at home or a balcony full of plants is always a good hobby that besides having fun and relaxing, you can decorate our home with its beauty.
One of the most wanted plants in nurseries every year is the rose bush. It’s flowering of cheerful roses of various colors makes the rose bush usually occupy an important place in most gardens, balconies or terraces.
Although their care is not very difficult, the rose bush does not get rid of the annoying insect pests that can undermine its health. We tell you which ones can affect them and how to eliminate them.
A very required plant
The rose bush is a plant that belongs to the Rosaceae family or Rosaceae that has more than eight thousand species. It is a species of thorny shrub originating in areas of mild climates in the Northern Hemisphere.
Most species are usually grown for ornamental reasons, which makes it a very sought after species since it also blooms continuously throughout the year providing colorful roses that are widely used in decoration.
However, its cultivation is also carried out for other commercial purposes, such as the production of essential oils or even medicinal uses.
When it comes to preventing insect pests, we must take into account the cultivation characteristics of the rose bush, since poor care will significantly increase the chances that our rose bush is the perfect target of harmful pests.
Therefore, we give you some tips on how to properly care for this plant :
- First, do not forget about watering. Rose bushes usually require more water during the flowering season, especially in the first year. Of course, the correct way to water is by pointing the water outlet of our shower or hose to the ground where it grows, preventing the leaves or flowers from getting wet.
- In the case of soil, the surface must be raked once a month, especially from March to September, to break the hard plate that forms at the top. In this way we allow the soil to aerate and easily penetrate the water to the roots.
- The payment must not be excessive, and in case of using it, we must extend it in spring. If we do it correctly, it may produce abundant flowering.
- Also to preserve soil moisture, it is a good trick to place a small layer of pine bark of about 5 centimeters, since we prevent the appearance of weeds.
- Precisely these weeds, if they come out, you have to keep them at bay. Remove the diseased leaves of the rose bush and do not forget to tear away all the plants that are born around and that we do not want to have since all they will do is compete for the irrigation water with our rose bush.
- Finally, do not forget to cut the withered flowers so that other flowers are produced. Also, remember that the shoots that appear below the graft point are usually cut.
Pests and diseases of the rose bush
Its beauty not only attracts your attention but also that of numerous harmful organisms that attack the rose bush in search of food undermining the health of the plant.
The most common diseases that attack the rose bush are usually caused by fungi. The best way to identify them is to observe the leaves and stems continuously, since a black, yellowish or orange spot, as well as a kind of grayish dust, is a sign of weakening of the bush and fungal infection.
On the other hand, we find numerous insects that can cause serious damage to the rose bush. Here are some of them:
- Of course, the aphid is everywhere, and here too. They are insects of fairly small size, between 1 and 3 millimeters. They usually attack the rosebuds and also cause the leaves to shrink until they wrap themselves.
- The red spider, difficult to distinguish with the naked eye, but leaving a yellowish stain on the back of the rose leaves.
- The snails usually cause us joy when we see them in our garden. Well, if you have a rose bush, be careful, they can devour the leaves! They usually appear after rain or in very humid weather conditions.
- The whitefly also leaves a yellowish spot on the bottom of the leaf after its attack.
- The caterpillar’s rosebush are a common pest in rosebushes. They usually lay eggs on the leaves and once they become larvae, they feed on the leaves.
- There are also known cases of green mosquitoes, which discolor the leaves of the rose bush. They are very difficult to identify since they usually hide under the leaves without making too much noise.
- The mealybug can also attack this type of plant. The best way to identify it is that the leaves of your rose bush are sticky.
- The white worm, finally, is one of the most dangerous pests. It is very difficult to know that it is harming our rosebush, since unlike the rest of insects, they do not attack flowers or leaves, but the roots. Therefore, they can cause a lot of damage and even kill the plant.
How to eliminate pests
As we have seen before, rose bushes carry specific care a little more laborious than the rest of the plants.
However, to avoid and treat diseases and pests, performing such care is essential.
Of course, roses get sick, and although sometimes it is inevitable, in many cases we can prevent these diseases or reduce their appearance to the maximum.
Remember to water always pointing to the roots, which receives at least five or six hours of sun daily, and above all, that is not very close to a tree with large roots that can compete with our rose for water.
A good idea is also to grow marigolds nearby, as they keep pests away. If despite having followed these steps, your rosebush lodge a plague, there are often specific insecticides to the type of insect in stores agrojardinería.
However, you should know that this type of product can damage the natural environment in which it is found and kill other insects and organisms that are beneficial for the rose bush or other crops. Therefore, we tell you some natural remedies to end the rose plagues.
- One of the most effective against fungi is to mix 5 tablespoons of biodegradable detergent with a spoon of bicarbonate and three liters of water. This mixture achieves a strong homemade repellent with which to spray the rose bushes. This same method without bicarbonate is also a good product against any other pests other than fungi.
- On the other hand, you can make a homemade pesticide with cold chamomile tea.
- An infusion of garlic is also quite effective against the aphid, but it has also been shown to decrease other pests. Use it as a sprayer. Just do not overdo it with garlic or you can burn the leaves of the plant.
- In the case of flies and mosquitoes, you can place a sticky trap drawing their attention. For example, placing glue on cardboard where there is also petroleum jelly or jelly that attracts them.